Ateneo Guidon: Fr. James Reuter, SJ clarifies statement vs pro-RH Bill professors

The Guidon, vo. LXXXII no. 1 June 2011

Reuter clarifies statement vs. pro-RH Bill profs

By A.J. M. Santos and Rhett D. Gaerian

If you’re supporting the Reproductive Health Bill, you should not teach in the Ateneo.

Jesuit priest Fr. James Reuter, SJ stirred controversy after making this statement over radiio station DZIQ 990, also known as Radyo Inquirere, last May 17.  Reuter expressed his opposition to the Responsible Parenthood, Reproductive Health and Population and Development Act of 2011, or more commonly known as the Reproductive Health (RH) Bill.

He also denounced the pro-RH Bill professors who teach in the university.  His statement touched on the 14 Ateneo professors who released a position paper entitled “Catholics can support the RH Bill in good conscience,” which was released in October 2008.  The 14 professors released the paper as their own joint opinion, separate from the university’s official stand.  60 more Ateneo professors later signed a statement of support for the RH Bill.

Ateneo maintains its official stand as being that of the Catholic Church’s,. which is opposed to the RH Bill.

Uphold Catholic Tradition

Reuter said the current bill is unclear on what exactly it supports.  While he admitted that he is no expert on the i on the issue and has not studied the text and fine print, he insisted that a bill that “admits abortion as a moral thing” is wrong.

“Let me make this crystal clear.  When I say RH Bill, I mean it justifies abortion.  If it does not justify abortion, then I’m not against it,” he said.

He added that teachers with opinions contradicting Catholic teachings should not teach in a Catholic school like the Ateneo as they will most likely pass it on to students.  “If they themselves are convinced that abortion is not murder, they should not be allowed to teach.”

But when asked if he wanted concrete actions on the part of the school, he said that it was up to  the administrators’ discretion.  A former teacher himself, Reuter said that he would be wary of hiring a teacher who believes in abortion.  “You have to be sure that you don’t have a teacher in the Catholic [faith] teaching something contradictory to the Catholic Church.  The teachings of the Catholic Church are a body of truth  that is crystal clear and you should not teach something contradicting it.”

Reuter, however, is supportive of the bill’s provision on sex education, as long as it is age-appropriate.

Opinions and Beliefs

In the radio interview, Reuter also said that the freedom of speech-alluding to the 14 professors statement–is not absolute.

Despite his strong reprimand, he clarified that a teacher may believe differently from the Catholic Church, but it should not be presented as a moral truth nor taught to students.  He admitted, however, that that would be a difficult thing to do.  “You teach what you are,” he said.

While he had a definitive stand about the pro-RH bill professors, Reuter said that students with differeing opinions are free to go to the Ateneo.  He said that a teacher could eventually influence a student to think otherwise.  “The Catholic boy or girl going to a Catholic school would build all their opinions on the truths of the Catholic Church.”

More sympathetic opinions

Not all Jesuit priests share the same hard line stance. Lawyer Fr. Joaquin Bernas, SJ has been more sympathetic towards the RH Bill, although he recognizes the need for more fine-tuning.  A member of the commission  that drafted the 1987 Constitution, Bernas has presented religious pluralism in the country as a reason for passing the bill, even if he sides with the Church teaching on artificial contraception.

He also decried fellow clergymen who preach that support for RH is an automatic sin, but he has expressed opposition to the compulsory nature of the age-appropriate sex education for schools.

In a memo dated March 24, former university president Fr. Bienvenido Nebres, SJ, said that the university still opposes “the present bill in the light of our Catholic faith.”  He does, however, commend the critical thinking and opinion that the debate on the bill has generated.

“We appreciate the efforts of these members of the ATeneo faculty to grapple with serious social issues and to draw from Catholic moral teaching in their study of the bill,” he said.  “We recognize the right of our faculty, as individuals, to express their views, and appreciate their clear statement that these views are their own and not that of the University.”

On the other hand, another veteran Jesuit, Fr. John J. Carroll, SJ, expressed his disagreement towards other Philippine bishops who are against the RH Bill.  In a commentary written for the Philippine Daily Inquirer, Carroll noted that the bill does not legalize contraceptives, since these are already legal and available in durgstores.  He also noted the bill’s categorical opposition to abortion.

Carroll also recommends the further fine-tuning of the bill, particularly on strengthening the ‘conscience clause’, in which health workers and teachers whose religious values conflict with certain aspects of the bill are protected.

Carroll is the namesake of the John J. Carroll Institute on Church and Social Issues, which is located in the Social Development Complex of the University.

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Ateneo Political Science Department seminar: “Church in politics: The Roman Catholic Church and state relations in the Philippines”

The ADMU Department of Political Science presents a seminar- forum entitled

Church in Politics: The Roman Catholic Church and State Relations in the Philippines

on April 18 to 19 (Holy Monday and Holy Tuesday); Whole days
at ADMU Escaler Hall.

May be taken as a 3 unit credit course  (PoS 271).
Interested participants are requested to pay 1,500 Php for the two day
period to cover meals and a seminar packet with materials.

Background and objectives of the forum:

?Church in Politics: The Roman Catholic Church and State Relations in the Philippines? is a seminar that attempts at a critical look at the Philippine institutional and non-institutional Roman Catholic Church  as a normative and discursive actor.  Using Jose Migdal?s state and society relations perspective,  the RCC is viewed as a political actor with the coercive power to exact compliance and mobilize citizen participation and the symbolic and material power to legitimize its existence as a socio-political actor.   It is therefore a co-producer and a competitor of the state in as far as decisions and resource allocation are concerned.

The forum  provides a broad framework for critically analyzing the RCC?s positions in politics including reproductive health.  It situates these positions on the wider discursive fields of church and state separation and church participation in electoral, political and social affairs.     In deepening discussions on reproductive health, the forum examines the church?s perspectives on gender, human sexuality and life issues.

The forum includes speakers from the CBCP, the NASSA, LST, SLB, ADZ, UP, ADMU SA Department, San Carlos Seminary and JJICSI.  A summarizing segment on the influence of the church in terms of power is provided at the last day by Fr Mario Francisco S.J of LST and Dr Fernando Zialcita of the Sociology and Anthropology Department as resource persons.

Forum Program:

TOPIC NO. 1: SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE
April 18, 9-11 AM

Atty. Florin T. Hilbay
Professor, University of the Philippines College of Law

Rev. Fr. Albert Cecilio A. Flores
Director, Manila Archdiocesan Archives

TOPIC NO. 2: CBCP
April 18, 12:30-2:30 PM

Most Rev. Bishop Teodoro C. Bacani, Jr.
Bishop Emeritus of Novaliches, San Carlos Seminary

Rev. Fr. James H. Kroeger, MM
Professor, Loyola School of Theology (LST)

TOPIC NO. 3: ELECTORAL-POLITICAL ENGAGEMENTS
April 18, 3-5 PM

Bro. Guillrey Anthony M. Andal, SJ
Program Director for Political Affairs, Simbahang Lingkod ng Bayan (SLB)

Rev. Fr. Antonio F. Moreno, SJ
President, Ateneo de Zamboanga University (AdZU)

TOPIC NO. 4: SOCIAL ENGAGEMENTS
April 19, 9-11 AM

Rev. Fr. Roberto N. Rivera, SJ
Associate Director and Treasurer
John J. Carroll Institute on Church and Social Issues (JJCICSI)

Rev. Fr. Edwin A. Gariguez
Executive Secretary
National Secretariat for Social Action-Justice and Peace (NASSA-JP)
Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP))

TOPIC NO. 5: GENDER, HUMAN SEXUALITY AND LIFE ISSUES
April 19, 12:30-2:30 PM

Rev. Fr. John J. Carroll, SJ
Senior Research Associate and Program Head, Church and Family Life Program
John J. Carroll Institute on Church and Social Issues (JJCICSI)

Atty. Jo Aurea M. Imbong
Legal Officer
Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP)

TOPIC NO. 6: CRITICAL REFLECTION ON CHURCH POWER AND INFLUENCE TODAY
April 19, 3-5 PM

Rev. Fr. Jose Mario C. Francisco, SJ
President and Professor
Loyola School of Theology (LST)

Prof. Fernando N. Zialcita, Ph.D.
Department of Sociology and Anthropology
Ateneo de Manila University