Archive for May 2011
Posted by seeker on May 27, 2011 at 9:55 pm
There is distinction between annulment and divorce in the Catholic Church? Both means separation and God is against that. Annulment is usually for the rich and celebrities. It comes with a fee. If you’re poor, it’s simply called “separation” or divorce in legal terminology. Please don’t twist the argument.
Posted by Quirino M. Sugon Jr on May 27, 2011 at 11:13 pm
Yes, there is a distinction between divorce, annulment, and legal separation in the the Catholic Church, which is also reflected in the Philippine laws on marriage. Check out the Philippine Legal e-Forum. Here is an excerpt from Wikipedia:
By the ninth or tenth century, the divorce rate had been greatly reduced under the influence of the Roman Catholic Church, which considered marriage a sacrament instituted by God and Christ indissoluble by mere human action.
Although divorce, as known today, was generally prohibited in Western Europe after the tenth century, separation of husband and wife and the annulment of marriage were well-known. What is today referred to as “separate maintenance” (or “legal separation”) was termed “divorce a mensa et thoro” (“divorce from bed-and-board”). The husband and wife physically separated and were forbidden to live or cohabit together; but their marital relationship did not fully terminate. Civil courts had no power over marriage or divorce.
Canon law makes no provision for divorce, but a declaration of nullity may be granted when proof is produced that essential conditions for contracting a valid marriage were absent— in other words, that the sacrament did not take place due to some impediment. The grounds for annulment are determined by Church authority and applied in ecclesiastical courts. Annulment was known as “divorce a vinculo matrimonii,” or “divorce from all the bonds of marriage,” for canonical causes of impediment existing at the time of the marriage. “For in cases of total divorce, the marriage is declared null, as having been absolutely unlawful ab initio.” The Church holds that the sacrament of marriage produces one person from two, inseparable from each other: “By marriage the husband and wife are one person in law: that is, the very being of legal existence of the woman is suspended during the marriage or at least incorporated and consolidated into that of the husband: under whose wing, protection and cover, she performs everything.” Since husband and wife became one person upon marriage, that oneness can only be seen as null if the parties improperly entered into the marriage initially, in which the marriage does not validly exist.
My point was annulment is just another term for divorce. Actually, no distinction. It’s in the Philippine Law but the framers of this law did not disclose that annulment was meant for the rich and powerful who could pay the fees and afford court procedure. And of course the Catholic Church benefits from it financially.
Posted by Quirino M. Sugon Jr on May 28, 2011 at 11:51 pm
Too bad you can’t distinguish between annulment and divorce. I’ll give an analogy. Represent a man by a white candle and a woman by a red candle. If the two candles are tied to each other, then there are still two candles. On the other hand, if both candles are melted together to form one new pink candle, then there is no way to separate the white and red candles. Annulment is simply the declaration that the two candles tied by a string do not form one candle, so the cord tying them may be cut. The white and red candles are free to be melted (married) to other candles. Legal separation, on the other hand, is the cutting the pink candle, the inseparable union of the white and red candles, into half. Each half remains married (melted together) in the eyes of God, even if they are separated. Divorce is an impossible task: how can you separate the red and white candles in a pink candle? For this reason what God has joined together in marriage, no human being must separate.
The analogy is similar to Trinity. You put three burning sticks together and you get one fire. Is that what you’re trying to say? God hates divorce. Divorce is separation between husband and wife. Annulment is separation. Is it hard to understand?
Combining sticks to form one fire is not the same as melting two candles to form one candle stick. I cannot help you anymore here, if you cannot understand analogies. For you all separations are called divorce and God hates divorce. But you need to distinguish between physical and spiritual separations/unions:
1. If the husband is in the Philippines and the wife is in the US, they are separated by bodies of water, and they cannot see each other. Are the two divorced? (answer: Physically separated but spiritually united in marriage)
2. If two unmarried couples are having sexual intercourse, are they already married by being physically united to each other? (answer: Physically united but spiritually separated because they are not married)
3. When Christ said, “For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother (and be joined to his wife), and the two shall become one flesh.’ So they are no longer two but one flesh.” (Mk 10:7-8) (answer: Spiritually united in marriage, they may be physically united during honeymoon, they may be physically separated by living in two different houses, and they cannot marry again, unless one of them dies.)
4. If a man, who was validly married before and his wife is still alive, marries another woman, is the new marriage valid? (answer: the new marriage is invalid ab initio, that is “from the very beginning”, because a validly married man whose wife is still alive cannot contract a new marriage. If the ecclesiastical court finds this out, then the court shall declare that the new marriage is null from the very beginning, i.e. the new marriage is annulled.)
Below is my reply to the author of the Daily Tribune’s Frontline artile entitled “No Church Issue” published 05/27/2011.
You cannot take religion and God out of the RH Bill because religion and God are not present in the RH Bill. In the place of God, you have in the RH bill the idols named “overpopulation”, “safe sex”, “reproductive health”, and “pro-choice”. Ancient Filipinos have fertility rituals–they pray for rain, abundant harvest, and many children. The RH bill, on the other hand, have infertility rituals: condoms, pills, and ligation–and abortion, if all these fail.
Separation of church and state means that churches have no business interfering with state matters, such as how and where to build roads, bridges, and buildings. At the same time, the state has no business interfering with morality which is the domain of the Church. The RH bill is in the domain of morality because it concerns human life and eternal salvation, so the Church has to intervene. As Christ said: “Then repay to Caesar what belongs to Caesar and to God what belongs to God.” (Mt 22:21)
Italy is distinct from the and the Vatican City State where the Pope resides. So the government affairs of Italy is not the business of the Pope. But regarding condoms and pills, Pope Paul VI in his Encyclical Humanae Vitae (Art. 14) wrote: “it is a serious error to think that a whole married life of otherwise normal relations can justify sexual intercourse which is deliberately contraceptive and so intrinsically wrong.” This encyclical is not only for Italy (whose Northern parts were known as the Papal States for more than a thousand years) but for the whole Catholics worldwide, including the Philippines.
There is a distinction between annulment and divorce in the Catholic Church. Divorce is the breaking up of a valid marriage. This is not possible, because Christ said:
“Have you not read that from the beginning the Creator ‘made them male and female’5 and said, ‘For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh’? 6 So they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore, what God has joined together, no human being must separate. Because of the hardness of your hearts Moses allowed you to divorce your wives, but from the beginning it was not so. I say to you, 7 whoever divorces his wife (unless the marriage is unlawful) and marries another commits adultery.” (Mt 19:4-10)
King Henry VIII of England asked the pope to allow him to divorce his wife and marry his mistress. The Pope refused, so King Henry broke from the Catholic Church and declared himself the Head of the Anglican Church. By the way, many Anglican bishops and entire parishes are now converting to the Catholic Church.
On the other hand, annulment in the Catholic Church means that there was no marriage in the first place, so the man and the woman whose marriage was annulled are free to marry.
I am glad that the author recognizes that some contraceptives are abortifacients. Concerning contraception, as I said before, the state has no authority to define what is morally good or not, only the Church does. The Catholic Faith has united the warring tribes of the Philippines into a single nation. So for the sake of the common good and the Filipino religious tradition, the Philippine State should recognize the teaching authority of the Catholic Church in matters of morality. If the state cannot promote good morals, it is better that it desist from promoting bad morals by not passing the RH Bill into a state law.
If the author cannot see that the world has become more promiscuous, she may like to watch a Hollywood films and TV 60 years ago and compare it with the Hollywood films and TV now. She may like to count the average number of times that the following words are mentioned: sex and fuck. She may like to classify the films according to the number of scenes nudity in various levels is shown. This would be a good research paper, and the author would be surprised at her results: “The world indeed has become more promiscuous!”
What the pope is saying regarding condoms is that in conscience darkened by sin, the use of condoms to protect the partner from sexual disease can be a sign of the slow awakening of the moral sense. Here is the quote in full:
“There may be a basis in the case of some individuals, as perhaps when a male prostitute uses a condom, where this can be a first step in the direction of a moralization, a first assumption of responsibility, on the way toward recovering an awareness that not everything is allowed and that one cannot do whatever one wants. But it is not really the way to deal with the evil of HIV infection. That can really lie only in a humanization of sexuality.
“She of course does not regard it as a real or moral solution, but, in this or that case, there can be nonetheless, in the intention of reducing the risk of infection, a first step in a movement toward a different way, a more human way, of living sexuality.
Reproductive Health Bill debate: can a good Catholic remain good amidst a thousand condoms and pills?
Pro RH Bill Argument:
“If a Catholic member has a morally-formed conscience with regards to these issues, a thousand free condoms and contraceptive pills being dangled before him WON’T tempt him to make use of them. It is as simple as that for me. An analogy has been offered by my daughter: Why did God allow the existence of the Forbidden Tree in the Garden in the first place? Why did He only command Adam and Eve: “do not eat” of its fruit yet gave them free access and freedom to exercise their free will? God could just have very well PHYSICALLY prevented both of them easy access to it or installed formidable baricades around it.
A green leaf placed near a fire, can only resist the heat up to a certain point (when most of the leaf’s water content turns to vapor). Then the green leaf catches fire. A strong rock cliff facing the sea can withstand a strong wave or two. But after years of bombardment (we call this weathering), the rock cliff gets chipped here and there, then the cracks become bigger, until the rock splits into fragments. In the same way, if you flood a well-formed Catholic with condoms, he can resist the first assaults. But when the condoms become a common sight, and he sees little boys and girls blow them as balloons, he sees demonstrations in TV how to use condoms, he finds condoms available in toilets for Php 5, and everywhere he goes he sees couples copulate in in broad daylight, will the good Catholic still resist? And what if the woman that he likes approaches him, gives him a box of condoms as Valentine’s gift, kisses him, and takes off her clothes? If you are St. Francis, you shall jump into thorns. If St. Benedict, into snow. If St. Aquinas–you’ll grab a firebrand and chase the temptation away. But what if you are just an ordinary Catholic who goes to mass only during Easter andChristmas, and whose last Confession was 10 years ago, can you still resist?
Before his Fall, Adam has perfect control over his passions. This is called Original Justice. His nakedness and Eve’s nakedness does not incite malicious thoughts on him. When God placed the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil in the middle of the Garden of Eden, Adam can perfectly control his desire for the fruit, so this is not a test of desire but of obedience. There is no need to put walls and barriers, because this is a test of free will to obey God, in order to merit eternal life for him, for Eve, and for us their descendants. When Adam ate the forbidden fruit, he disobeyed God and this is Original Sin. As one of the consequences, Adam lost his perfect control over his passions and desires (c.f. concupiscence). So God knows that even if He forbade Adam to eat the fruit of the Tree of Life, Adam will sooner or later eat the fruit. To prevent this from happening, God banishedAdam and Eve from the Garden and placed an angel to guard the gates of paradise. From this analysis, we see that since we are descendants of Adam and Eve who lost our perfect control over our passions and desires, despite having our Original Sin washed away by the waters of Baptism, then putting a temptation before us like free condoms would have a chance that we fall to the temptation. So the best way is to follow a way similar to what God did by putting a barrier between the condom and the man, by not making condoms more available, by stopping the passage of the RH bill.
ATENEO LATIN MASS SOCIETY
Mission and Vision
Ateneo Latin Mass Society (ALMS) is an association in Ateneo de Manila University which seeks to give greater glory to God by making the most beautiful celebration of the Roman Rite in Latin in both ordinary and extraordinary forms available to all.
To accomplish this, the ALMS shall do the following:
Foster the use of Latin in the Roman Rite as mandated by Vatican II’s Sacrosanctum Concilium
Promote both the ordinary and extraordinary forms of the Roman Rite, but with a preferential option for the extraordinary form in the Ignatian tradition of magis and excellence
Train choir groups who can perfectly sing all the chants in Liber Usualis, in obedience to the mandate of Vatican II’s Constitution of the Sacred Liturgy that the Gregorian Chant should be given pride of place in the Roman Liturgy
Train sacristan groups who knows by heart the responses and rubrics of both the ordinary and extraordinary masses in all seasons of the year.
Train Jesuit seminarians, deacons, and priests in the words, rubrics, and chants in the extraordinary form of the Roman Rite
Teach the congregation how to pray the rosary in Latin and how to chant the responses in missa cantata
Provide the most exquisite vessels and vestments for any Jesuit priest who wishes to say the Latin Mass
Promote Jesuit vocations, novenas to Jesuit saints, and prayers for the souls of living and dead Jesuits.
Establish the Institute for Latin Studies for the study of the classical, medieval, and ecclessiastical Latin literature, especially those written by Jesuit saints and scholars.
Promote the use of Gothic and Romanesque church architecture for the Roman Rite.
Promote the Spirtual Exercises of St. Ignatius
Promote St. Ignatius’s Rules for Thinking, Judging, and Feeling with the Church.
Establish Latin Mass Societies in all Ateneo schools and form a worldwide Latin Mass Society of Jesuit Schools
Coordinate with the Jesuit hierarchy and Church hierarchy in promoting the use of the Latin and Gregorian chant in all Jesuit schools and in all parishes.
Promote Jesuit spirituality through the Sodality of our Lady and the Devotion to the Sacred Heart.
The Catholic Church and anti-RH bill lawmakers have always been on the defensive after years of siege by the proponents of the RH Bill. The RH bill forces will never tire: they have the funding of multinational pharmaceuticals who make contraceptives, abortion companies like Planned Parenthood, and UN commissions who push for reproductive health.
What the anti-RH Bill forces need is a counter-attack on the RH-Bill forces’ flanks. We must fight the RH Bill by proposing a contrary bill (read the parable of the unclean spirit (Lk 11:24-26)). The Reproductive Health Bill is a misnomer and a lie: the bill does not concern reproduction but contraception and contraceptives endanger the woman’s health. The Maternal Health Bill that I propose is really for maternal health, which concerns both the mother and the child: the word “maternal” does not only refer to the woman but also to her child, for how can a woman be a mother, a “mater”, if she has no child? A woman’s right over her body should never trample on the rights of the child in her womb over his body.
This anti-RH bill shall divert the time and resources of the pro-RH forces, for one cannot fight at the same time both the impregnable wall that is the Catholic Church and the new menace that may spell the doom of RH in the Philippines. (News Flash: Cong. Manny Pacquiao’s anti-RH bill knocks out Sen. Miriam Santiago’s RH bill). And if this anti-RH bill becomes a law, it will be one layer of defense wall against the renewed assault of the pro-RH bill forces in the future. As Gandalf would said to the Balrog in the battle of the Bridge of Khazadum: “You cannot pass!”
Below is a draft of the bill that I propose, following the outline of the Consolidated RH Bill, House Bill 4244, “The Responsible Parenthood, Reproductive Health andPopulation and Development Act of 2011” and Senator Miriam Santiago’s Senate Bill 2378, The Reproductive Health Act. I hope a congressman or senator can improve my draft bill and sponsor it as a congressional or senate bill. Please spread the word.
–Dr. Quirino Sugon Jr., Monk’s Hobbit
St. Albert the Great, pray for us.
St. Bobo, pray for us.
Section 1. Title
This act shall be known as the “Maternal Health Bill of 2011″.
Section 2. Declaration of Policy
“The state recognizes the sanctity of family life and shall protect and strengthen the family as a basic, autonomous, social institution. It shall equally protect the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception. The natural and primary right and duty of the parents in rearing of the youth into civic efficiency and the development of the moral character shall receive support from the government.” (1987 Philippine Constitution Art. II, Sec. 12)
Section 3. Guiding Principles
This act declares the following as guiding principles:
- A human being is formed when a sperm fertilizes an egg. Many contraceptive pills are actually abortifacients because they prevent the fertilized egg to cling to the uterine walls and the fertilized egg dies.
- Every child has a right to be conceived in his mother’s womb through the union of his father’s sperm and his mother’s egg through sexual intercourse.
- Every child conceived has the right to be born alive.
- The use of condoms and contraceptive pills makes fornication and adultery easier because the woman involved will not get pregnant and the scandalous affair is not brought to light. Fornication leads to low marriage rates and adultery increases the breakdown of marriages.
- The use of condoms and and contraceptive pills contributes to environmental pollution. In particular, when the contraceptive chemicals are excreted from the woman’s body through urine, these chemicals enter the sewage system, down to our rivers and streams, and back to our drinking water. The female sex hormones in the water contributes to the impotence of males.
- Contraceptive pills interrupt women’s natural fertility cycle. Furthermore, the use of contraceptive pills has been shown to increase the risk of breast cancer.
- The use of condoms and contraceptive pills lessen the respect of the husband to the wife, making her an object to be used anytime, anywhere, without regard to her natural fertility cycle.
- The use of condoms increases the risk of sexually transmitted diseases: those who use condoms think that having sex is safer, so they increase the frequency of their sexual intercourse and the number of their sexual partners.
- The use of condoms and contraceptive pills leads to a notion that a child is not a gift but a burden, so that if the contraception fails and a child is conceived, the next recourse is abortion. Countries who made contraception into a law ended up making abortion into a human right.
- Willful abortion is a criminal offense because a human being is killed.
- Growing population is not a problem, but graft and corruption. Decline in population leads to a graying population which would decrease the number of taxpayers and increase the numbers of old pensioners, leading to economic collapse.
- The children are the hope of our country, said Dr. Jose Rizal. It is not the duty of the state to mandate the number of children per household, but to provide opportunities for each child conceived to grow to become responsible citizens of the country.
- Those who contribute to the pollution of our environment or to the destruction of our families must be must be the one who shall be taxed in order for the government to clean up the mess.
- Maternal health refers to the biological capacity of a woman to do the all of the four functions: (a) conceive a child through sexual intercourse with a man, (b) carry the child in her womb for nine months, (c) give birth to the child through normal delivery, (d) and breastfeed the child immediately after birth until the child does not anymore need breastmilk.
- Maternal death is defined as the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or incidental causes (World Health Organization)
- Marriage is the union of a man and a woman as witnessed by the State for the the purpose of raising a family.
- Fornication or pre-marital sex is the sexual intercourse between the unmarried man and an unmarried woman
- Adultery is the sexual intercourse with a partner who is married to another.
- Contraceptives are devices or chemicals that hinders the meeting between the sperm and egg during sexual intercourse
- Abortifacients are substances or chemicals that induce abortion.
- Sex hormones are sex-specific chemicals that are naturally produced by the human body. Males have male hormones, females have female hormones.
- Abortion is the killing of an unborn child in the womb.
- Fertility cycle is the reproductive cycle of which define the days when she is fertile and when she is not.
- Natural family planning refers to the study of the woman’s fertility cycle to determine the proper times for sexual intercourse for the proper spacing of births.
- Sexually transmitted diseases refers to diseases that are transmitted through sexual intercourse, such as AIDS and HIV.
- Contraceptives imported from other countries are subject to 100% tariff. Contraceptives donated from other countries will also be subject to 100% tariff based on their estimated value. Thirty-five percent (35%) of the tariff shall go to the National Treasury, 30% shall go to the Department of Health (DOH) for its Maternal Health Programs, 15 % shall go to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, and 15% shall go to a special research fund of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST). This special research fund shall be awarded to research proposals for development of ways to monitor and remove women sex hormones in rivers, lakes, and drinking water. These funds shall be included in the yearly appropriations of the Philippine government budget.
- Contraceptives produced in the country are subject to 50% production tax. Contraceptives sold in the country are subject to 50% sales tax.
- Contraceptives that do not require surgery or taking in of chemicals can be purchased over-the-counter in pharmacies, e.g. condoms. Contraceptives that require the absorption of chemicals in a man’s or woman’s body can only be bought through doctor’s prescription. Contraceptives that require surgery shall be considered contraband goods.
- Ligation in men and women as a form of contraception shall not be allowed. Doctors and nurses who took part in these surgeries shall have their medical licenses revoked for three (3) years.
- The Department of Health shall provide a list of chemical contraceptives that are abortifacients. The importation, manufacture, and sale of these contraceptives shall be prohibited and these contraceptives shall be considered contraband goods.
- Willful termination of a normal pregnancy (abortion) is a criminal offense. The doctor or nurse who took part in these surgeries shall be tried in a criminal court.
- Fertility treatments which require fertilization outside the woman’s womb shall not be allowed in the country. Doctors and nurses who took part in these treatments shall have their medical licenses revoked for three years.
- Contraceptives shall not be classified as essential medicines and their purchase shall not be covered by PhilHealth. No government fund must be used for the purchase of contraceptives or for the promotion of their use. Government funds shall only be used by DOH for Natural Family Planning and other Maternal Health Programs.
- Hospitals shall be required to have pregnancy crisis centers for counselling women who are thinking of aborting their child due to rape, incest, abandonment, etc. These centers will be staffed by DOH and DSWD personnel or DOH and DSWD-accredited personnel. They shall also be funded by donors from the private sector and NGO’s. The purpose of these centers is to convince the women to let their baby live, and give it up for adoption at least. The women shall be shown the ultrasound–in 4G if possible–what their baby looks like in the womb–pointing out the head, the arms, the feet, fingers, and toes. Once the baby is delivered, the mother of the baby may decide to keep the baby or give him up for adoption.
- The DOH and DSWD shall publish a joint list of accredited pregnancy crisis centers and child adoption centers. This list shall be made available to all hospitals.
- All couples who wish to get married must attend lectures on possible sources of conflicts in marriage and how to resolve them to make marriage and family life wonderful. The Department of Social Welfare and Services (DSWS) shall conduct these lectures at least once a year. The DSWS can also accredit centers who shall do these lectures.
- The couples who wish to get married must also take lectures on natural family planning, fetal development, breastfeeding, and child development. The Department of Health (DOH) shall conduct these lectures once a year. The DOH can also accredit centers who shall do these lectures.
- Sex education in elementary and high schools is only limited to that body’s fertility cycle, sexual reproduction, and child development as taught in Biology. The harmful effects of chemical contraceptives may also be taught. The use of condoms should not be taught in elementary and high school.
- Values formation classes should stress the dignity of marriage, the gift of a child, and social responsibility. These classes should discuss the problems resulting from the contraceptive mentality such as pre-marital sex, adultery, and divorce, and abortion. These classes should discuss how these things destroy family and society. The Department of Education shall review the existing curriculum on values education and incorporate these topics if these were not included before.
- Couples may use PhilHealth for the ultrasound imaging of a developing fetus in his mother’s womb, provided that such a procedure is prescribed by a doctor.
- The benefits of paternity and maternity shall be availed by the couples as stipulated in the existing laws.
- The delivery efficiency of midwives shall be labeled in their DOH certified identification card. The delivery efficiency is the ratio of two numbers: total live births delivered divided by total births delivered, computed since the start of her career. Both the fraction and percent efficiency should be displayed. Midwives with the highest yearly number of live births assisted with 100% delivery efficiency shall be given an award by the provincial DOH at least Php 10,000 in cash and a plaque of appreciation.
- All midwives, nurses, and doctors who have assisted delivery cases wherein the infant or the mother died or both shall inform the DOH. A DOH personnel shall interview the medical practitioners involved on the sequence of events and the possible causes of death. These interviews shall be recorded in text, audio, or video. The transcribed interviews shall be sent to provincial DOH centers for making a yearly report. From this data, midwifery practices that are shown to correspond higher incidence of infant and maternal deaths shall be eliminated or modified. DOH shall then issue revised protocols on child delivery and maternal health.
- All hospitals in a province are required to submit to provincial DOH centers the statistics on infant and maternal mortality, starting from the child is in the womb until the child is released from the hospital.
- At the end of each year, the provincial DOH centers shall make a summary report of the child mortality per hospital and and health center.
- Doctors, nurses, and midwives must see to it that the newborn child is breastfed by the mother.
- Hospitals should only display the benefits of breastmilk in posters. Dairy products should not be prominently advertised in hospitals as breast-milk substitutes. Purchase of breastmilk substitutes require a doctor’s prescription.
- Malls must have designated breastfeeding stations where a mother can breastfeed her child in private. These stations should be clearly marked and its location should be available in the information booth and the mall map. Mall owners shall be given a year to comply to this requirement. Malls that fail to comply shall have their business permit revoked .
- Separability Clause. If any part of this act is considered invalid or unconstitutional, other provisions not affected thereby shall remain in force and effect.
- Repealing Clause. All other laws, decrees, ordinances, rules and regulations which are inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed, amended, or modified accordingly.
- Effectivity. This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its publication in at least two (2) newspapers of general circulation.
Warning from Diocese of Pasig: Fr. Mark Bunag is not a validly ordained priest in the Catholic Church or in the Catholic Church of the East
From the Diocese of Pasig:
PASIG CITY – A letter was forwarded by Fr. Noel Ormenita, Episcopal Vicar of the the Catholic Church of East (Holy Family Catholic Church) at Imus, Cavite to Manila Archbishop Gaudencio Cardinal Rosales, informing that “Jose Mark Robinson Bunag, also known as Mark Bunag or Fr. Mark Bunag, residing at Kruz na Ligas, U.P. Diliman, is not a validly ordained priest and is not incardinated neither with us in the Catholic Church of the East nor is he incardinated in any Diocese of the Roman Catholic Church.”
Further explained in the letter, “We are sending this letter for your information and for the information and guidance of the Roman Catholic faithful and those who belong in our Church. We fervently request your Eminence to this information be disseminated in the parishes, schools, and religious institutes, as Mark Bunag carries with him an invalid celebret, and according to the last report, “offers Masses”
The circular was sent by Pasig Chancellor Fr. Mar Baranda to all clergy, religious, and school heads in the Diocese of Pasig.
On the linguistic and theological errors of Sen. Miriam Santiago: meaning of “multiply”, God’s authorship of Scriptures, and the divinity of Christ
Senator Santiago clashed with Cong. Manny Pacquiao on the meaning of biblical verses (ABS-CBN). An INC member posted the news as a comment in my blog, so here is my response:
By quoting Sen. Santiago, I assume you as an INC believe her arguments. The good senator knows grammar well but she does not know what she is saying. The phrase “Go forth and multiply” I cannot find in my Bible (NAB). (Can you find it in your Bible?) The verses I found are these:
“God created man in his image; in the divine image he created him; male and female he created them.28 God blessed them, saying: “Be fertile and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it. Have dominion over the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, and all the living things that move on the earth.” (Gen 1:27-28)
The good senator knows grammar and high-sounding words, but she does know the meaning of simple word like “multiply”. Multiply does not mean to work with other men as stewards of the earth. There is another word for that: cooperation. Rather, the word “multiply” means to grow in number until humans “fill the earth”. The necessary condition for “multiplying” is to be “fertile”. A woman is considered “fertile” if it can grow a male seed planted on it into a baby. Otherwise, the woman is considered “barren”, as a way to compare a woman’s womb to a land where not even a grass grows. For example, Sarah and Elizabeth were barren because they have grown old and they did not have any child (until God blessed their womb and they gave birth to Isaac and John). Thus, contraception, the means to make a woman effectively infertile through pills and condoms, is against the commandment of God to be fertile and to multiply.
According to Sen. Santiago the Bible was not written by God and not even by any of the eyewitnesses to God since…. it was written at least 70 years after the death of Christ? This is a theological error. This is what the Catechism of the Catholic Church teaches:
105 God is the author of Sacred Scripture. “The divinely revealed realities, which are contained and presented in the text of Sacred Scripture, have been written down under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit.”69 “For Holy Mother Church, relying on the faith of the apostolic age, accepts as sacred and canonical the books of the Old and the New Testaments, whole and entire, with all their parts, on the grounds that, written under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, they have God as their author, and have been handed on as such to the Church herself.”70 106 God inspired the human authors of the sacred books. “To compose the sacred books, God chose certain men who, all the while he employed them in this task, made full use of their own faculties and powers so that, though he acted in them and by them, it was as true authors that they consigned to writing whatever he wanted written, and no more.”71 107 The inspired books teach the truth. “Since therefore all that the inspired authors or sacred writers affirm should be regarded as affirmed by the Holy Spirit, we must acknowledge that the books of Scripture firmly, faithfully, and without error teach that truth which God, for the sake of our salvation, wished to see confided to the Sacred Scriptures.”72 108 Still, the Christian faith is not a “religion of the book”. Christianity is the religion of the “Word” of God, “not a written and mute word, but incarnate and living”.73 If the Scriptures are not to remain a dead letter, Christ, the eternal Word of the living God, must, through the Holy Spirit, “open (our) minds to understand the Scriptures.”74
The Ten Commandments were written by God: “When the LORD had finished speaking to Moses on Mount Sinai, he gave him the two tablets of the commandments, the stone tablets inscribed by God’s own finger.” (Ex 31:18)
I may be mistaken, but I assume Sen. Santiago is Catholic and not INC. If she is Catholic, she needs spiritual care (and maybe psychiatric care, too). As a spiritual work of mercy, she needs to be taught that Christ is God and his apostles saw him. The Bible says no one has seen God, but the verse does not stop there: “No one has ever seen God. The only Son, God, 12 who is at the Father’s side, has revealed him.” (Jn 1:18) “Have I been with you for so long a time and you still do not know me, Philip? Whoever has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? (Jn 14:9)
From the Philippine Daily Inquirer INQUIRER.net
First Posted 15:17:00 05/17/2011:
MANILA, Philippines—Faculty members who support the Reproductive Health (RH) bill have no right to teach in Ateneo de Manila University, Jesuit priest James Reuter said, according to a Radyo Inquirer report aired Tuesday.
Reuter was quoted as saying that the RH bill violates what a Catholic institution like the Ateneo stands for, because he claimed the bill promotes abortion. He said the basic law in a Catholic school is simple: follow the rule of God.
He added that freedom of speech was not absolute.
The report said that Reuter had advised the Ateneo administration to investigate teachers supporting the bill.
In 2008, a group of professors from Ateneo de Manila University threw their support for the RH bill.
For the full radio report, listen to the DZIQ 990AM voice clip.—Danica Hermogenes, INQUIRER.net
There is a distinction between liberal education and liberal Faith. Liberal education of Ateneo simply means that students become well rounded individuals: they study languages, humanities, arts, and sciences, regardless of their chosen course. The core curriculum is the essence of Ateneo’s liberal education.
On the other hand, to have a liberal Faith is antithesis of being Catholic. To be liberal in Faith is to choose only the doctrines and teachings that you feel like obeying and discard the rest. Pope Benedict XVI calls this the Cafeteria Catholicism. The words of Dr. Clamor are only partly true. There are things in Catholicism that if one does not believe them, you do not cease to be Catholic. An example would be some Marian apparitions and other private revelations to the saints. But there are things called dogmas that are non-negotiables: if you don’t believe them, you cease to be Catholic. You become a heretic. An example would be the Dogma of the Trinity.
Membership in the Church is not a subjective feeling or being conscious about it. If you are baptized in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, you become the member of the Catholic Church. Outside the Church there is no salvation. If you are cut off from the Church, you wither and die, because the Church is the Body of Christ (c.f parable of the vine and branches).
One cannot support the Reproductive Health Bill in good conscience, because a good conscience is formed by obedience to the teachings of the Church. Support for the Reproductive Health Bill can only be a result of malformed conscience. Pope Paul VI’s Humanae Vitae has explicitly condemned the use of contraceptives in married life as instrinsically wrong. Your Th 121 can have his/her opinions on what should the Catholic Church do regarding homosexual couples, but he does not have the Magisterium (Teaching Authority) of Bishops and Popes. Your teacher can say his opinions and we can debate forever. But when the Pope speaks ex Cathedra as successor of Peter, the case is closed.
In the time of Jose Rizal, to be an Atenean is to have a liberal education. Jose Rizal studied Latin and Greek and learned the arts and sciences. A true Atenean is a devotee of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. Jose Rizal carved the Statue of the Sacred Heart in wood with a penknife. A true Atenean is a devotee of Our Lady. Jose Rizal prays the rosary. This is the reason why the Ateneo Basketball Team was once known as the Hail Mary Squad because they always pray the rosary before each game. And this is also why we sing our Alma Mater Song:
“Mary for you! For your white and blue! We pray you’ll keep us, Mary, constantly true! We pray you’ll keep us, Mary, faithful to you!”
As an agnostic, you have to be careful when you sing this song. Mama Mary can convert even the most hardened sinners. The Campus Ministry in Ateneo never cease to give the Miraculous Medal every year. It is not called Miraculous Medal for nothing. If you receive that medal and pray a Hail Mary a day devoutly for a month, you will be converted. If you are incredulous, try it.
When Rizal gone astray into masonry, did his Jesuit teachers approve of his views? No. This led to the series of letters between Rizal and Fr. Pastells, SJ. Rizal’s physics teacher, Fr. Federico Faura, SJ, the man who first forcasted Philippine storms, rebuked Rizal for his insolence. But when Rizal was shown the statue of the Sacred Heart that He carved in his youth, Rizal converted. Fr. Faura heard his confession and he died in Luneta as a true Atenean and Catholic.
Faith is the most abused word of the so called believers and self-proclaimed Christians. Mr. Sugon, I don’t question your Catholic faith because this is something within you that cannot be seen. But you would agree that there’s the so called “blind faith” or “false faith”.
Please define “blind faith” and “false faith”. You may be surprised that your definition would best apply to INC members. Why would you believe a man named Felix Manalo who was born 20 centuries after Christ, who have not even talked to anyone of the Apostles? Who confirmed his being sent as an apostle? The protestant ministers who ordained him? Manalo does not believe the teachings of these same Protestants so he invented his own church, thinking that he was sent by God to rebuild the church that Christ founded–a church that Manalo claimed apostasized, that the gates of the netherworld has overcome it, thereby making Christ a liar who made a promise to Peter: “And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, 13 and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it” (Mt 16:18). Is Manalo greater than Christ?
Paul also had a vision of Christ perhaps like Manalo, but unlike Manalo, Paul received the gift of the Holy Spirit from the disciple Ananias and he was presented by Barnabas to the Apostles:
“So Ananias went and entered the house; laying his hands on him, he said, “Saul, my brother, the Lord has sent me, Jesus who appeared to you on the way by which you came, that you may regain your sight and be filled with the holy Spirit.”
18 Immediately things like scales fell from his eyes and he regained his sight. He got up and was baptized,19 and when he had eaten, he recovered his strength. He stayed some days with the disciples in Damascus,20 and he began at once to proclaim Jesus in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God…. Then Barnabas took charge of him and brought him to the apostles, and he reported to them how on the way he had seen the Lord and that he had spoken to him, and how in Damascus he had spoken out boldly in the name of Jesus (Acts 9:17-27).
“Then after fourteen years I again went up to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along also. I went up in accord with a revelation, 3 and I presented to them the gospel that I preach to the Gentiles–but privately to those of repute–so that I might not be running, or have run, in vain….and when they recognized the grace bestowed upon me, James and Cephas and John, 8 who were reputed to be pillars, gave me and Barnabas their right hands in partnership, that we should go to the Gentiles and they to the circumcised. (Gal 2:1-9)
The Catholic bishops received their ordination through the laying of hands in one continuous succession from the apostles. Who laid hands on Felix Manalo? Who sent him?
“But how can they call on him in whom they have not believed? And how can they believe in him of whom they have not heard? And how can they hear without someone to preach? And how can people preach unless they are sent? (Rom 10:14-15)