Pre-Renovation Survey of the Manila Observatory Chapel and Sacristy
A Survey of the Chapel
At the third floor of the Manila Observatory is a chapel, located near the stairs. From the outside, all you see is a series of vertical planks designed in such a way that you won’t see what is inside directly. The air flows past these the spaces between the planks and the screen wall near the ceiling.
There are two doors, left and right. If you open one of the doors, the first thing that you will see is a series of tall windows allowing a good view of the Observatory’s green fields, which stretches out to the Ionosphere building towards the East, the Solar Building on the South West, and the Grade school building beyond it. And then you see the heavens. “Our Father, who art in heaven…”
But the chapel is empty. There are no pews. But this is where we hold our First Friday masses. Instead of pews we use chairs, ideal for office use, but not for a chapel. We sit, we stand, but we never kneel, even during consecration. Sitting masses is becoming very common here at the Ateneo de Manila University. I’ve attended one in the Jesuit Infirmary. And I saw another one in the Theology Department, even though it is not a chapel. As long as there is a table to serve as the altar and people have chairs to sit down, we can have a mass.
I sat on one of the three white monoblock chairs. My friend brought it there, because she loves to stay there to read her Liturgy of the Hours. Actually, I bought the book for myself a year ago to teach myself how to pray like medieval monks, but after reading for a week, I get lost. When she saw my book, she asked if she can have it; so I gave it to her.
I gazed at the altar wall. On the left side is the Tabernacle. The front face is plated with gold (probably brass). The other faces are painted gray-green. A red lamp is burning beside it, which means that Jesus is there. Mrs. Tony Gonzaga, the Director of the Manila Observatory, told me that the Father Provincial, Fr. Jose Cecilio “Jojo” Magadia, S.J., was surprised that we keep consecrated hosts there.
Above the tabernacle is a white bas relief of Mary carrying the Infant Jesus, probably made of resin. The bas relief of St. Joseph the Worker is on the right corner.
At the center of the altar wall is a crucifix. I am glad that it was a traditional sculpture and not that of the mummified Christ I saw at the Church of Our Lady of Pentecost along Katipunan Avenue. Jesus Christ hangs on the cross, eyes downcast. I like this better than the highly stylized, clean-shaven Christ at the altar of the Church of the Gesu.
The altar is simply a four-legged table with mantle. I don’t think there is a relic embedded on the table. Relics of saints are usually placed in little boxes and embedded on church altars. The priest kisses this relic before saying the Holy Mass. In the olden days, when a church is about to be destroyed, one of the first things the priest will get is the relic on the altar (and the blessed hosts, of course, lest they be trampled underfoot by the enemies of the church).
Mrs. Loyzaga gave me a task. She wants have the chapel renovated to make it as a permanent chapel of the Manila Observatory. My job is to make suggestions on what needs to be done.
I measured the chapel area: it is 15.5 ft x 27 ft. The raised altar area is 8 ft x 7 ft. Thus the space for the pews is only about 15.5 ft x 20 ft, which is 310 sq. ft. If the aisle is about 5 ft x 20 ft or 80 sq. ft, then the remaining floor area for benches is 230 sq. ft. If each person requires a 1.5 ft x 3 ft space or 4.5 sq. ft, then the number of persons that can fit in a 230 sq. ft area is about 50.
A Survey of the Sacristy
On the right side of the altar wall is a door. I opened it. There are two cabinets attached to the right wall. The first cabinet contains sacred vessels, linens, and albs–many of them are starched, though spotted with little yellow marks. I guess it has been a long time since these were used. Maybe decades ago. I saw about twenty Mompo wine bottles. They have to be thrown away.
The second cabinet contains chasubles. They are new and well kept. It is common for priests to just wear the chasuble on top of their ordinary clothes, then don the stole. I know Fr. Tim Ofrasio, S.J. will not be content at this. Fr. Tim is a professor in liturgy at the Loyola House of Studies. He was invited to say mass there several times, but he refused: he will only agree provided he is completely vested. I saw him took off his priestly clothes weeks ago when he said a Traditional Latin Mass in Sikatuna in the Feast of St. Ignatius of Loyola: he was wrapped in layers of sheets and tied with cords before he donned his chasuble. Fr. Ofrasio, S.J. celebrates the Traditional Latin Mass everyday in his private chapel in LHS. Fr. Tim asked me to form a stable group for TLM so that he can celebrate it publicly in Ateneo. So far, I have only blogged about it. But I shall form this group soon.
There are three little rooms on the right side, each of them a third of the size of the chapel. These are probably dressing area for priests. I think a a priest can say his mass private mass there, in the days when the priest faces the altar. If I am not mistaken, all priests are required to say mass everyday. A recent option is to concelebrate. In large masses at the Church of the Gesu, it is common to see ten priest concelebrants.
There is another little room straight ahead. To my dismay, all the kneelers are stacked there. Each kneeler, which can accomodate only one person, is attached to a stand where a priest can put his breviary or rest his elbows as he prays in front of the Blessed Sacrament. I once saw Pope John Paul II praying in a similar kneeler. I wiped the dust from one of the kneelers with my bare palm. It turned black.
I looked around and saw a Saint Andrew Bible missal. which was published in 1962. So this must still be the missal of Pope John XXIII, the one used in the present Traditional Latin masses. I did not take it at first, because it looked all English to me. But my friend took it later and showed to me the Order of the Mass in Latin. And I said, “Ah” and “Oh”. She had bought her Baronius missal last week in Our Lady of Victories Church. That was P 2,000. Since I do not have money, I shall content myself with St. Andrew’s. I don’t think anybody else in the Observatory will use it. The Manila Observatory once gave away lots of its books to have more room for research. So I shall consider this missal as part of this give away. I shall bring this missal every mass, even in the present Novus Ordo Masses (Ordinary Form of the Roman Rite). The text of the 1962 Roman Rite (extraordinary form) is very conducive to full and active participation in the mass, by helping me meditate on the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Our Lord Jesus Christ. In this rite, the priest becomes filled with holy fear in approaching the altar to offer the Most Holy Trinity the most perfect Sacrifice of Christ in Calvary. Fr. Roque Ferriols, S.J. may describe this as Mysterium Tremendum and Mysterium Fascinosum. Unbelievable. It is only now I truly learnt what the mass is.